The Golden Temple which is traditionally known as Harmandir Sahib or Darbar Sahib among its devotees, is the holiest shrine of Sikhism. Harmandir Sahib, situated in Amritsar, Punjab, was built by the fifth guru of Sikhs, Guru Arjan Dev Ji in 16th century, the Golden Temple has witnessed the history unfold and stood tall for more than four centuries now. In 19th century, Maharaja Ranjit Singh covered the Gurudwara with gold, which gives it a unique look and its English name, the Golden Temple. It is situated in the middle of a lake or temple tank known as ‘sarovar’. After the completion of Adi Granth (holy scripture)
Here are Some fascinating and little known facts about Harmandir Sahib you might not have heard of :
Originally built in 1573, the site of the Gurudwara was surrounded by a small lake in a thin forest. The construction of lake took place under the supervision of fourth guru of Sikhism, Guru Ram Das Ji, which was completed after four years in 1577.
Every day Holy Book of Guru Granth Sahib ji is taken from the Akal Takhat Sahib in a Gold Palanquin, together with the freshen up of flowers and Gulab jal and is situated in the Darbar Hall. After acquiring the Holy Guru Granth Sahib reverse to Akal Takhat, Full Darbar Hall cleaned up with milk.
The entry of this temple goes down, rather than up like other Hindus Temple or Holy Places. This describes that one must be humble and then go down to the temple for worship.
The Langar or Parshada serves up to 100,000 peoplein aweekend or on religious holiday and roughly serves up to 40,000 people in a working day. This is largest Langar found in India.
In the middle of Golden temple, there is one holy tank name as Amrit Sarovar, Which is manmade tank. Pilgrims who visit to the holy temple usually take a dip in the Sarovar and they believe that they bear spiritual power with all dips.
Architecture of this Temple is too beautiful and Temple has four entrances from all four directions, which truly shows that people of various backgrounds are allowed to make an entry in Gurudwara without any second thoughts.
At the same place the 1st Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak, accustomed to meditate at this place. It’s not a once Guru Arjana meditate here after temple was built.
If we will break Harmandir into two words Har and Mandir so it means the “Temple of God” which reflects the true meaning of this goddess place.
Initially Temple built without any Gold Coating. Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the leader of Punjab renovated the temple in the earlier 19th Century and made into what is look currently.
British Government performed continuous series of Akhand Paath at Golden Temple during the first world war for victory.
The main place of this temple home of Guru Granth Sahib decorated with Mosaics and patterns. Golden Temple is one of the most momentous symbols of Mughal and Indian Architecture masters.
It Was attacked by one of Ahmed shah Abdali’s Generals, Jahan Khan, in response a Sikh Army hunted down and destroyed Jahan khan’s forces.
Built for people from all walks of life and all religions to come and worship. It’s four doors symbolize openness of the Sikhs towards all people and religions. 35% of the pilgrim who visit the golden temple are non-sikhs
Akal Takhat which means the “Throne of the Timeless God” is also situated within the complex of Harmandir Sahib. Akal Takhat is known as the highest seat for the Sikh authority.
Akal Takhat was built by the sixth guru of Sikhs, Guru Hargobind Ji and it is a symbol of political sovereignty of Sikhs.
While the Golden Temple stands for spiritual guidance, the Akal Takht symbolizes the dispensing of justice and temporal activity.
The Jathedar of the Akal Takhat is called the highest spokesperson of the Sikh religion.
Taj Mahal attracted 3 million visitors in the whole year 2013 .Golden temple attracts 3 million visitors in a month.
Ranked no 6 when BBC’s popular holiday programme asked viewers to rank the places to see before dying. Taj Mahal was at no 10.